GEOS 24705 / ENST 24705 / ENSC 21100

Energy: Science, Technology, and Human Usage (2018)

Prof: Liz Moyer (Hinds 405)

TA: Jim Franke (Hinds 491)

Field trip coordinator: Mia Leatherman

Info (see documents below for more)

The course meets Tuesdays and Thursdays from 3:30-4:50 PM in Cobb 119. Jim's office hours are Mondays 4-5 PM and Wednesdays 3-4 PM in Hinds 491. Lab is Wednesday 4-5 PM in Hinds 430. There are labs and field trips nearly every week but not all are mandatory. Course requirements include attendance at at least three field trips and at least four labs. Field trips will generally be Friday mornings.

The course description from 2017 is here. The syllabus with schedule of field trips and labs is here.

Photos are available from field trips in 2010 and 2011.

Lecture 1: Human energy use, energy and wealth

Energy is correlated with GDP Energy / wealth relationship. Data: World Bank 1960-2011.

Lecture 1 slides.

No problem set for lecture 1.

Lecture 2: Human energy use, Earth's energy flows

Earth's energy flows Earth's primary energy flows.

Lecture 2 slides

Problem set 2. Due Tuesday April 3.

Lecture 3: Are the Earth's energy flows enough? Intro to photosynthesis and agriculture

Class estimates of land surface area/persons Fields in Oklahoma, Oklahoma Farm Report

Lecture 3 slides

No PS3.

Lecture 4: Agriculture & the Green Revolution; transition to the modern energy system

Norman Borlaug (L), Sankey diagram of 2012 US energy use (R).

Lecture 4 slides.

Readings. You'll need to read the first two before Thursday this week, and ideally you'd get started by the Wednesday lecture. Problem set 4. Due Tuesday April 11.

Lecture 5: Pre-industrial energy use

Hand-turned lathe, Diderot and d'Alembert, L'Encyclopedie, 1769-1772. Horse-drawn combine, U.S., 1910s-1920s.

Lecture 5 slides as pdf and pptx so you can see the animations.

Problem set 5. Due Thursday April 12 (but extensions automatic).

Lecture 6: Breaking the heat-to-work barrier

First commercial steam engine: Newcomen 1712.

Lecture 6 slides as pdf and pptx so you can see the animations.

Readings: Problem set 6. Due Tuesday April 17.

Lecture 7: The birth of the industrial revolution, theory of heat engines

Left: the heat engine. Right: stages of the Carnot cycle

Lecture 7 slides in pdf and pptx.

Problem set 7. Due Thursday April 19.

Readings (both required and optional): Background about the fundamental theory behind heat-to-work, first laid out by Carnot, that we covered in class. See PS7 for which sections are required.

Lecture 8: The Industrial Revolution

Child workers in in the Bibb Mill in Macon, GA., between 1908-1912. Photo: Lewis Hine

Lecture 8 slides.

Problem set 8. Due Tuesday April 23.

Readings (optional, just for more interesting background):
Field trip, Fri. Apr. 21. University of Chicago steam plant. Wear closed-toed shoes. Meet 11 AM at the West entrance of the building, 5617 S. Maryland Ave.

Lecture 9: Industrial revolution continued

The completion of the transcontinental railroad, 1869 (right); animation of a double-acting steam engine powering a locomotive (standard arrangement from 1850s) (left).

Lecture 9 slides.

For Problem set 9, due Thursday April 26, finish the optional problems from PS 8 problem 1 (looking at state-by-state Sankey diagrams).

Lecture 10: The 2nd great revolution: electricity

The technology conversion grid

Lecture 10 slides.

Problem set 10. Due Tuesday May 1. And the conversion grid showing technologies that we use to convert energy. (Look at the grid only after completing problem 2A.)

Lecture 11: Electricity II

Simple brushed DC motor, single loop (L) and multiple loops (R).

Lecture 11 slides.

Problem set 11. Due Thursday May 3.

Readings on electricity history:

Lecture 12: Electricity III

High-voltage transmission lines 660 MW generator 3-phase generation
L: High-voltage transmission lines, from NordReg
M: 660 MW generator, stator end windings
R: 3-phase generation

Lecture 12 slides

Problem set 12. Due Tuesday May 8.

Field trip, Fri. May 4. Museum of Science and Industry to see their cogeneration plant (and locomotive). Meet at 7:30 AM at N. entrance to museum.

Lecture 13: Electricity IV: generation, grid management and markets

Edison Co., 1900 PJM control room
Edison Illuminating Co, Detroit 1900 (left); PJM control room ca. 2016 (right)

Lecture 13 slides

Problem set 13. Due Thursday May 10. You'll need to read the readings below and look at realtime information on electricity markets, which is available online for all RTOs and ISOs through links here. Click on "current grid conditions" under "PJM" to get the latest locational marginal prices (LMPs), generation mix details, etc. for the RTO that serves Chicago. As of 8 AM Wed. Mar 9th, LMPs in Chicago were negative!

Readings in prep for Wed. lab:

Lecture 14: End of electricity, turbines, wind

Francis turbine sind turbine
Francis hydro turbine (left); wind turbine (right)

Lecture 14 slides

Problem set 14. Due Tuesday 15.

Readings and videos on wind (watch videos before wind farm trip) Reading on solar PV (in preparation for lab)

Lecture 15: Wind, hydro

inlet scroll, Francis turbine, Grand Coulee Dam Turbulence hind offshore wind turbines at Horns Rev
(Left): Inlet scroll of one of the Francis turbines of the Grand Coulee Dam, during construction
(Right): Turbulence behind offshore wind turbines at Horns Rev 1, Denmark (image: Christian Steiness)

Lecture 15 slides, and some extra slides on hydro

Problem set 15. Due Tuesday 15.

Reading and videos on hydro

No lecture Th. May 17

Meet to discuss projects.
Field trip, Fri. May 18. Kelly Creek Wind farm. Note change of date. This will be a bus trip.

Lecture 16: End of wind, beginning of internal combustion engines / transportation

Early auto, 1886
Gas- or petrol-powered car, Karl Benz, 1886.

Lecture 16 slides.

No PS 16

Lecture 17: Internal combustion engines / transportation (make-up time, Wed. 3:30 PM, Hinds 451))

Two-stroke engine Four-stroke engine
Left: two-stroke engine. Right: four-stroke (Otto cycle) engine

Lecture 17 slides as pdf and pptx to see the animations.

No PS17

Lecture 18: End of transportation, fossil fuels

Alberta oil sands Fracking for gas.
L: Alberta oil sands. Image: David Dodge / Pembina Inst.
R: Conventional drilling vs. hydraulic fracturing for gas.

Lecture 18 slides.

Problem set 18. Due Tuesday May 29.

Field trip, F. May 25. Argonne National Laboratory, for solar PV and Advanced Automobile laboratory. Meet 7 AM in front of Hinds Geophysical Laboratory, 5734 S. Ellis.
Field trip, Th. May 31. BP Whiting Oil Refinery.